Bachelor of Laws (LL.B. or B.L.)

LL.B. or B.L. (Bachelor of Laws)


LL.B. or B.L. (Bachelor of Laws) is the professional law degree awarded after successful completion of 3-years academic studies in law subjects. One can start their career in law only after completion of an undergraduate degree or as an integrated degree after completing senior secondary education. After receiving LL.B. degree or integrated law degree, one can be titled as ‘Lawyer’. Legal profession is one of the highly paid professions in which earning depends upon the name, fame, experience and job profile of the candidate.


In India, legal education had been generally offered as a three years graduate degree (LL.B.). Since 1987, the academic system in law has been changed. National Law school of India University (NLSIU) was the first Indian law University set up in Bangalore and offered a five years integrated law course in B.A.LL.B. (Honours). BCI is the authority that regulates the legal practice and legal education in India. It sets the standards for legal education and also grants recognition to law Universities of India.

Before practicing in any court of India, LL.B. graduates have to obtain the ‘certificate of practice in law’. It can be obtained by giving the ‘All India Bar Examination (AIBE)’ regulated and supervised by the Bar Council of India. Lawyers can find employment in both public and private sector organizations. Central and state government jobs are also available for lawyers. Lawyers can also work as legal advisor and legal counsellor for firms, organizations and families.

The LL.B graduates can work  in:

    • Legal Cells of Private and Public Sector Companies
    • State Bar Councils
    • Consulting FirmsIndian and Foreign Law Firms
    • Legal Department of Foreign Companies
    • Multi National Companies
    • Global Audit and Compliance Firms


The eligibility requirement for this course is graduation from the recognized institution. The applicant should already have 3-years bachelor’s degree in any stream to be eligible for this course. The graduation must be passed with minimum 45% marks (40% for SC/ST). Percentage criteria varies from institution to institution.

LL.B. is the traditional law course offered by Indian universities which has a duration of three years. The course is divided into six semesters.

Semester I

      • Course I Contract-I
      • Course-II Constitution
      • Course-III Law of Torts
      • Course-IV Family Law-I: Hindu Law
      • Course-V Criminal Law-I: Indian Penal Code

Semester II

      • Course-I Contract-II
      • Course-II Company Law
      • Course-III Property Law
      • Course-IV Administrative Law
      • Course-V Family Law –II: Mohammedan Law & Indian Succession Act

Semester III

      • Course-I Environmental Law
      • Course-II Labour Law
      • Course-III Criminal Law-II: Criminal Procedure Code, JJ Act & Probation of Offenders Act
      • Course-IV Jurisprudence
      • Course-V Clinical Course-I: Professional Ethics and Professional Accounting System

Semester IV

      • Course-I Public International Law
      • Course-II Optional-I: Human Rights Law and Practice / Insurance Law
      • Course-III Optional-II: Banking Law / Right to Information
      • Course-IV Clinical Course-II: Alternative Dispute Resolution Systems

Semester V

      • Course-I Civil Procedure Code and Limitation Act
      • Course-II Optional-III: Intellectual Property Rights-I / Penology & Victimology
      • Course-III Optional-IV: Interpretation of Statutes & Principles of Legislation / Competition Law
      • Course-IV Clinical Course-III: Drafting, Pleading and Conveyance

Semester VI

      • Course-I Law of Evidence
      • Course-II Taxation
      • Course-III Optional – V: Intellectual Property Rights-II / White Collar Crimes
      • Course-IV Optional – VI: Women and Criminal Law & Law relating to child / International Trade Economics
      • Course-V Clinical Course-IV: Moot Court exercise and Internship